Sunday, May 17, 2020

Essay on Women Alcohol Addiction - 2170 Words

The alcoholic beverage has remained an established element to society’s social world and has grown into a way of living. As alcohol continues to flourish in its prevalence among citizens of the United States, so does the concept of alcohol addiction. A person becomes addicted to alcohol when they â€Å"drink excessively and develops a dependence that results in noticeable mental disturbance, or an interference with bodily and mental health, their interpersonal relations, and their smooth social and economic functioning† (Calahan, 1970, pp. 3). In 2009, the National Institute on Drug Abuse reported that about 52% of Americans used alcohol at least once within 30 days of their survey. As the percentage of Americans who consume alcohol†¦show more content†¦3) but when it becomes an addiction, society is left to view it as a disease rather than a problem. As compared to men, women of alcohol addiction are diagnosed with medical problems such as depression, cirr hosis, stroke, and brain damage partly because of gender differences (Holdcraft Iacono, 2002). A woman’s body is generally smaller and contains a higher proportion of fat to water leaving alcohol much more concentrated in the body (McConville, 1983). According to Holdcraft and Iacono (2002), not only do women have higher blood alcohol concentration but also they are highly vulnerable to the physical effects that alcohol can cause. Aside from the previously mentioned medical diagnoses, alcohol can affect the women physically by changing her ovulation and menstruation, which can ultimately affect pregnancy. Along with gender differences, other factors that influence the addiction of alcohol amongst women include genetics, neuropsychology, and environment. The environmental factor plays a big role in alcohol addiction amongst women, especially in the family context. Holdcraft and Iacono wrote in an article, â€Å"Women have been found to have more drinking-related famili al consequences while men suffer more adverse social, occupational, legal and violence-related consequences† (pp. 1026). Women of alcohol addiction have developed this disease more than not through some type of influence by family.Show MoreRelatedThe Development Of Drug Addiction Essay814 Words   |  4 Pagesrole in the women abuses plays by the biological characteristics of the development of drug addiction. The most important are features of a constitution and hormonal difference, which significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of drugs (NIAA, 2015). In general, women have a lower activity of hepatic enzymes related to drug metabolism. Resulting from the body weight and a higher ratio of fat tissue in relation to the muscle, there is a higher concentration of surfactant in the blood of women comparedRead MoreThe Relationship Between Trauma And Addiction Essay1464 Words   |  6 PagesThe Relationship Between Trauma and Addiction The experience of trauma can bring about feelings that are difficult for anyone else to understand. The feelings become even more complicated with addiction. It is important for practitioners to first understand the relationship of trauma and addiction to one another. Once the relationship is better understood, connections can be made to possible treatments and why those treatments should be used. Research testing these treatments can give possibleRead MoreAre Women More Prone Addiction Than Men?847 Words   |  4 Pages(Berlin, 1946) is a popular slogan used an attempt for women and men to outdo one another in almost any difficult task that one may think of. Today, women will work, socialize, and have an opinion as much as a man; shoot she may even challenge him to a drinking binge. Women were never allowed to indulge in most â€Å"men† like activities, but since the empowerment of women, women are bound to do anything comparable. Despite the equality among men and wome n, men have been stigmatized by their choice of behaviorRead MoreThe Drug Of Alcohol Addiction898 Words   |  4 Pagesbad. America has drugs to make you feel better or to forget how sad you are. Alcohol, being the most popular of the drug list, is the most abused drug in the world. I have chosen alcohol because alcohol addiction has been dealt in my family and I know a little about this substance. It has been said that it is three to four times higher to know someone with an alcohol addiction to be one of your close relatives. Alcohol is a drug used for everything, which makes it a very common. It is used by manyRead MoreDrug Addiction and Drugs1219 Words   |  5 PagesDrugs Addiction Miami Beach Senior High Ashley Gonzalez Ms. Cooper/Mr.Sussman English II-Period Three 06 March 2013 Drugs Addiction Topic and Thesis Statement Miami Beach Senior High Topic: Drugs Thesis Statement: In an examination of drugs I will discuss causes of this disease/or social dilemma. I will also discuss the effect of drugs on individuals, families and society. Read MoreA Deeper Look On The Alcoholic Environment1350 Words   |  6 Pages A Deeper Look On The Alcoholic Environment Nowadays the exposition to alcohol consumption is becoming very common among adults and teenagers. Alcoholic addiction is developed in social environment such as living around heavy drinkers, people often are tempted to the taste of alcohol which then becomes an addiction. Either it is a party or a celebration, alcohol is most of the times available; however, there are concerns in society, since the consumption of this drug can bring dangerous consequencesRead MoreThe Study On The Tri Fold Model1192 Words   |  5 Pagesone takes on the task of working with those who have an addiction problem we come to the realization that it is multi-dimensional and affects them in various aspects of their lives. The individual can be affected in a physical, emotional and spiritual ways. This aspect is called the Tri-Fold Model or some call it the Biopsychosocial approach. By using this approach, the professional will take into account all different aspects of the addiction and how it is affectin g the client. A complete recoveryRead MoreMany Women Across The World Cause Complications To Their1657 Words   |  7 PagesMany women across the world cause complications to their unborn child when they choose to abuse substance. There are many types of substance abuse such as alcohol, tobacco, and drug abuse. Most likely when women choose to engage in these types of activities it causes harm to the child and birth defects. Long term and short term deformities and conditions are present in the child. Other factors play a part into why women abuse, substance such as stress, depression, and mental issues. More treatmentRead MoreThe Social Acceptance Of Alcohol1732 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION: The social acceptance of alcohol all over the world, whether it be social or cultural, is the leading cause of why alcohol addiction is so prevalent especially in the United States. Alcohol is the second leading cause of death in the US and one of the most abused drugs worldwide. It is the â€Å"third leading preventable cause of death in the United States† with â€Å"nearly 88,000 peaople† dying from it annually (Alcohol Facts and Statistics). There are many facts and statistics that are availableRead MoreThe Pathophysiology Of Alcohol Abuse And Addiction1104 Words   |  5 PagesAlcohol is consumed around the world for numerous reasons. Alcohol Use Disorder is a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress (APA, 2013). In this paper, I will discuss the pathophysiology of alcohol abuse and addiction as well as the effect on human behavior and the contribution to clinical psychology. Alcohol can affect the nervous system from the immediate experience which is linked to behavioral changes. Initial alcohol consumption can impair

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The, By Ann Gutmann - 971 Words

The â€Å"Times have changed and they’ve changed in this case for the better†, by Ann Gutmann. This quote directly reflects my paper and the individual’s experiences during the early 1800’s. This paper will share key details of Charlotte Forten’s journal. Charlotte Forten was an African-American girl that attended a private school in New England. This paper will also showcase the book the Lakota Woman by Mary Brave Bird, a Native American woman that endured in order to survive during the 1800’s. Changes for the better include systems in place to end slavery, to stop racism, and to protect women’s rights. Forten’s journal opens while she is around sixteen. She came from a free black family living in Philadelphia during the early 1800’s. Her family’s history was included helping slaves become free. She was extremely bright and moved to Salem, Massachusetts in order to attend an all-girls private school. As the only black student at the school she excelled and was promoted quickly. Her journal is significant because it outlines the heart of a free woman whose mission was to help other colored men be respected and acknowledged as having rights. Mary Brave Bird was a very poor Native American woman a part of the Lakota tribe. She was strong-willed and committed to surviving. Her story begins with her giving birth while at the same time a war was going on, in which, she had to escape with her child only to be later jailed. As a Native American woman during the 1970’s, she wasShow MoreRelatedThe Twilight Of His Career Essay1486 Words   |  6 Pages Rather, it should be said that this piece is not an end, but a beginning that shows the transition of Western music and culture into an era of Romanticism. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on Jan. 27th, 1756 to Leopold and Ann Maria Mozart. As a young child he was considered a prodigy and was able to learn how to play the piano by age 3 due to observing his father. By age 6, Mozart was traveling across central Europe performing for the nobility of Austria, Germany and HungaryRead MoreSports and Recreation in America3034 Words   |  12 Pagesin his article Puritans at Play?, there were many instances where people were charged for participating in recreation, like in 1630 when the Massachusetts Bay Court ordered that John Baker â€Å"Be whipped for shooting att fowle on the Sabbath day.† Gutmann also points out how the Puritans outlawed shuffleboard in 1647, and bowling in 1650. All these moments in Puritan history point to the fact that the Puritans had a general distaste for any form of recreation especially if it occurred on the Sabbath

Recruitment Strategies Of BreadTalk Samples †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Recruitment Strategies Of BreadTalk. Answer: Breadtalk BreadTalk is one of Singapores most famous bakery brands, founded in 2000 and listed in 2003. BreadTalk not only expanded to nearly 1000 retail stores across 17 districts in Singapore but also had its bakery outlets in other countries across Asia such as Malaysia and Hong Kong, and even in the Middle East. Besides its bakery outlets, the company also owns and operates other brands like the Din Tai Feng restaurant based in Singapore and Thailand, or Food Republic food atria based in Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, China and Taiwan. They aim to delight their customers with a blend of unique concepts which envisions new food cultures across the bakeries, restaurants and food atriums. Other than that, they also aim to work with an international line up of consultants from a few countries in Europe and Asia such as France, Japan, and Taiwan, to bring out the best combination of culinary skills from an Asian to a Western culture, which delivers a world of taste to their customers. They com bine the best flavors of Asian and Western with a perfect blend of local culture using quality ingredients and their chefs idea inspirations from the latest food trends in the world. (BreadTalk Group Strategy, n.d.) Job Analysis From the research on the internet, I believe hiring a bakery manager will undoubtedly benefit our next outlet as a bakery manager carries numerous responsibilities, all of which are important to a well-functioning bakery so that the aspects of the bakery are maintained, and the customers are satisfied. First of all, the manager needs to be capable of baking large quantities a wide range of breads, pastries, and cakes to meet the needs of the market and also maintain the quality of the goods in the standard. Most importantly, they must have impressive ideas in making innovations which meets the latest food trends and also create unique products that would make them an advantaging competitor among the field. Besides creating ideas, they also have to be detail-oriented and have an eye for aesthetics as excellent baked goods must look appealing to impress the customers. Secondly, bakery manager plays a role in merchandising baked products and quality. Additionally, overseeing inventory i s also part of the managers job that includes ordering and rotating ingredients such as flour, sugar, butter, etc. and unloading or receiving deliveries of stocks. Another task that is part of their job is tracking the required inventory and calculate the proper amount of ingredients necessary for the production of baked goods. It is important to them to ensure that the bakery is well stocked with enough to produce products to meet the demand everyday. Besides that, they also have to keep track of the popularity of each kind of pastry in order to know how much to supply daily; this is to prevent wastage of products. The bakery manager is also responsible for ensuring the profitability of the bakery in which they have to maximize the sales within the confines of the budget. Budgeting involves how to price the products, inventory costs, and labor. Furthermore, bakery manager also have to manage the standard of the bakery. Hence, they have to make sure that all the staffs comply with t he customer service and safety policies. Lastly, bakery manager is also in charge of hiring, developing and terminating bakery staffs. Not only that, but they are also responsible for scheduling employees working hours and make sure their payroll stay within the budget. (Andrine Redsteer, 2013) For a qualified bakery manager, he is required to have a high diploma in pastry or culinary arts; it will significantly be an advantage if he is holding an associates degree. Besides that, he must have excellent knowledge of the food and beverage products and trends in the industry, also, at least four years of working in the food and beverage industry. All in all, he must have exceptional leadership skills to lead, manage, train and motivate the bakery staffs. It is also very important to have excellent interpersonal skills. For language-wise, he has to be fluent in English to ensure great communication skills. Job Design A baker or a bakery manager has to work under hot conditions around hazardous products for long hours; they also might sprain their back by lifting heavy sacks of flour or slipped on wet floor. Due to the risk of potential risks, its necessary to keep bakery health and safety. But how can we maintain and improve the health and safety of the bakery to make sure everyone work safe and happy. From the research by Health and Safety Exclusive of UK, the major accident happen in a bakery are heavy lifting, slipping, exposure to harmful substances, machinery, hot equipment, and even flour dust. (Bakery Product, n.d.) First of all, we have to keep the bakery clean. Water, flour, and sugar create slippy paste; oil and butter will make the floor greasy, so make sure floor are mopped, the surface of the equipment is regularly wiped and no standing water. Besides that, put some anti-slip mats to prevent slippery floor. Other than that, keep the equipment out of the way when not being used so tha t others baker won't trip over. Furthermore, Hot sugar or ovens create the risk of burns. Bakers are the most important resource of the bakery much more the bakery manager. To avoid injuries, we can provide kitchen towels so that bakers can protect their hand when moving from task to task and encourage teamwork when lifting the massive object. To beat the hot environment, we can install the cooling systems to keep the bakery in cool and comfortable surroundings. Finally, the most important thing is the placement of the equipment and ovens. Good use of the of kitchen's layout can provide staff an efficient and safety workspace. (Shoes For Crews Europe, 2017) Other than create a health and safety workplace. Recruitment Strategies There are various recruitment strategies which can be used for appointing adequate bakery manager for the next outlet. There are two key ways i.e. internal recruiting and external recruiting. Both of the ways are effective enough. But in case of the bakery, there will be used the external recruitment method which will include advertisements in newspapers, social media, direct applicants and referrals (Abraham, et al., 2015). The first recruitment strategy is the social media recruitment. There will be advertisement posted on social media sites so that there higher number of individuals can be aware of the vacancy and can apply for the same. There are social media sites such as LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, etc. which attract young individuals. People spend the major part of their time on all these social media sites and thus it is a digital platform to attract the potential candidates (Jeske and Shultz, 2016). Displaying the job position ads in between the posts and the articles are c onsidered as the best way to reach the maximum number of potential candidates for the job. The second recruitment strategy which will be used is advertisement in the newspaper and magazine as the newspapers are the key source of information for the masses (Rees and Rumbles, 2010). The newspapers have the maximum reach. Thus, an advertisement will be published for the vacancy. There are various hotel management institutions comprising of individuals undertaking hotel management courses. There is also supply of magazines in those institutes; therefore, to gain the attention of the potential candidates, an advertisement will be published for the vacancy in those magazines. Another recruitment strategy which will be used for the recruitment of the bakery manager will be referrals. Referrals can be described as a recruitment strategy in which the existing employees or staff members of the bakery will suggest a person for the vacancy. Referrals are considered as one of the best recruitment strategy as the referred candidates are already pre-scanned by the existing employees and have a good understanding of the work to be done (Ofori and Aryeetey, 2011). They are not the trained recruiters but still they give an assurance for the referred candidate, regarding the personality of the individual, ability to be culturally fit in the organisation and also to have the competence to manage the work (O'Meara and Petzall, 2013). The referral recruitment not only saves time and cost but also helpful in enhancing the retention rate of the staff. A referral bonus will be provided to the employees if the candidate referred is been shortlisted and stay for a specific ti me period. Lastly, direct applicant recruitment strategy will be used as there will also be selection of the candidate through direct interview without any source or through any organisation. Thus, all these external recruitment strategies will be used for the appointment r the recruitment of the brand manager at the bakery. Selection Strategies Once the recruitment is done, it is essential to have effective and sound selection strategy so that right candidate can be selected for the job profile. Following are few of the selection strategies which will be used Interview It is one of the most used and common selection strategies which help in predicting the future job performance of the candidate on the basis of the oral response of the individual. For the selection of the candidate, interview as a selection strategy will be used for determining the social skills and the communication competence for managing the bakery work. It will help in checking the verbal fluency of the candidate as well as will also help in obtaining the supplementary info of the individual. The job knowledge of the candidate will be assessed in the interview and the compatibility of the person will also be checked. The interview assists in gathering the actual knowledge of the candidate through one-on-one interaction (O'Meara and Petzall, 2013). Therefore, for the appointment of eth bakery manager, interview is one of the best selection strategies and the most reliable one also. Work Samples The next selection strategy is work samples. This is used to determine the candidates standard as well as creativity. in this strategy or section test, there is a task which is given to the candidate which stimulates the practical job experience. The key aim of this strategy is to asses that how well and effectively the person can perform as well as learn the task. In the work sample there will be given few tasks to the candidate in respect with the management of the bakery. Those tasks will be the work sample for analyzing the competence and ability of the person to manage the work. The work sample can check the accuracy and correctness of the performance of the candidate in respect with the future job profile (Ekwoaba, Ikeije and Ufoma, 2015). Cognitive Ability Test The next selection strategy will be the cognitive ability test which will be used for the selection of the candidate. There will be a number of tests which will be conducted in order to judge the personality of the personnel such as the verbal comprehension to check the communication ability, visual pursuit, word fluency, symbolic reasoning, space visualization, etc. All these tests will help in analyzing the mental and perceptive competence of the candidate for managing the work and future job profile in an effective manner (Abraham, et al., 2015). Personality Test Another selection strategy which will be used in order to check the ability of the candidate for maintaining balance among the existing employees is the personality test. There is a need to check whether the candidate will be culturally fit as well as have adequate characteristics in respect with openness to other people, conscientiousness, agreeableness, emotional ability and extroversion (Ekwoaba, Ikeije and Ufoma, 2015). Conclusion From the paper, it can be concluded that the bakery can be benefitted by adopting adequate recruitment strategy and selection strategy. It is necessary that there must be an appropriate candidate for managing the business operations of the bakery. If the candidate passes the various tests in the selection process, then it will result in final selection of the individuals. The tests show the ability of the person to manage the bakery operations. Thus, it can be concluded that a proper job analysis, job design, recruitment strategy and selection strategy must be used for effective bakery management. References Abraham, M., Kaliannan, M., Mohan, A. V., Thomas, S. (2015). A Review of Smes Recruitment and Selection Dilemma: Finding a'Fit'.The Journal of Developing Areas,49(5), 335-342. Andrine, R. (2013, April 25) The Top Five Responsibilities of a Bakery Manager. Retrieved on: 11th January, 2018, Retrieved from: https://work.chron.com/top-five-responsibilities-bakery-manager-19947.html Bakery Product.(n.d.). Retrieved on: 11th January, 2018, Retrieved from: https://www.hse.gov.uk/food/bakery.htm BreadTalk (n.d.). Retrieved on: 11th January, 2018, Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BreadTalk BreadTalk Group Strategy. (n.d.). Retrieved on: 11th January, 2018, Retrieved from: https://www.breadtalk.com/strategy/ Ekwoaba, J. O., Ikeije, U. U., Ufoma, N. (2015). The Impact of Recruitment and Selection Criteria on Organizational Performance. Jeske, D., Shultz, K. S. (2016). Using social media content for screening in recruitment and selection: pros and cons.Work, employment and society,30(3), 535-546. Ofori, D., Aryeetey, M. (2011). Recruitment and selection practices in small and medium enterprises: Perspectives from Ghana.International Journal of Business Administration,2(3), 45. O'Meara, B., Petzall, S. (2013).Handbook of Strategic Recruitment and Selection: A Systems Approach. Emerald Group Publishing. Rees, G., Rumbles, S. (2010). Recruitment and selection.Rees, G. and French, R. Leading, Managing and Developing People, 169-190. Shoes For Crews Europe (2017, July 3). How to Improve and Maintain Health and Safety in a Bakery, Retrieved on: 11th January, 2018, Retrieved from: https://blog.sfceurope.com/how-to-improve-and-maintain-health-and-safety-in-a-bakery

Monday, April 20, 2020

Ramu and Rani free essay sample

They worked hard to ensure that their love would continue by Razia fighting with her father for the right to marry the narrator. There is also no thought of ever splitting up, which shows that the love is unconditional. This type of love is only experienced by the lucky. The second type of love is Companionate love, which is experienced by Nathu and his wife Jasho. This is because although they do not experience the same volume of romance and passion as the other two couples, they have been together for a very long time and therefore love each other very much. Although the romance and compassion are not vivid in this relationship, the relationship is mutually beneficial because it helps both of them advance their careers and ensure that they both stay alive and fed. This type of love is a more practical, but largely considered less enjoyable type of love. We will write a custom essay sample on Ramu and Rani or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The final type of love, Philos is experienced between Ramu and Rani. It is a Philos love because Ramu and Rani were very good friends from a very young age, strengthening their bond as friends. As the two grew older they eventually grew into having feelings for each other that neither of them could shake. Their love became unconditional in the sense that they tried to defy the father’s orders and maintain their relationship. A male and female who have known and liked each other for a very long time often experience this type of love. Iqbal Ahmad did a very good job showing the different types of love, and that although they are different and some may be considered better than others, they are all valuable. First is Agape, or true love. Second is Companionate love, which is from being together for so long. Finally, there is Philos love, which is love between two friends. This shows that there are many different types of love.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Rapid Economic Growth in South Korea and Taiwan †Economics Essay

Rapid Economic Growth in South Korea and Taiwan – Economics Essay Free Online Research Papers Rapid Economic Growth in South Korea and Taiwan Economics Essay In 1960, South Korea and Taiwan were as poor as many present African countries. However, from 1960 to 1989, South Korea and Taiwan increased their per-capital GDP by 6.82% and 6.17%, which compare to other less developed countries is significantly high. The outstanding transformation of South Korea and Taiwan in these 30 years is often seen as an example of what export-led growth. But Rodrik (1995) argues that the rapid economic growth and ‘take off’ in South Korea and Taiwan was a result of an investment boom rather than an export oriented strategy. This essay will discuss this theory. Rodrik shows 6 reasons to reject the export-led growth hypothesis. His first point is â€Å"Relative Profitability of Export†. In this point, he raises a counter argument. He says that Ian Little (1994) states that the success of Korea and Taiwan was related to exports. Little uses three points to support his statement. First of all, he finds that Korea and Taiwan succeeded on the growth of labour-intensive manufactures. Then, he claims that the manufactures were based on the exports. Also, he discovers that the bias against manufacturing for export was removed. However, Rodrik indicates that the economics of Korea was related to the politics in the 1950s. The government of Korea, which was quite different from now, paid no attention to economic growth and exports at that time. According to Rodrik’s opinion, the incentive effects of export seem to be unsuccessful. In Taiwan, there seems to be no incentive effects of export. Rodrik analyses the differences between â€Å"export orientation† and â€Å"investment boom†. He mentions that export orientation may not obviously lead to an investment boom. Rodrik raises two examples, Turkey and Chile, to prove that even more massive increases in the profitability of exports did not lead to investment boom. He concludes that the success in export may not lead to a success in investment. Rodrik discusses â€Å"the contribution of exports† in the third point of his argument. He mentions that since the export base was so small early on (especially in Korea), until the mid-1970s at least, the contribution of export to the growth of GDP could not have been very high. There were only over 10% in Taiwan, and in Korea, exports were less than 5% of GDP around 1960. So, exports were barely a small part of the initial growth spurt in both countries. Rodrik talks about â€Å"Productivity Spillovers from Exports†. In this part, he shows a counter argument that it is given top billing in its exposition of the dynamic benefits outward orientation by the World Bank. He analyses that the common presumption is that the contribution of exports to growth was from technological spillovers and cumulative productivity benefits deriving from export performance, but not from the demand side or through investment. There is no evidence to prove that technological externalities associated with outward orientation or exports. In fact, it is easy to find both developing countries and developed whose efficiency performance over 20 years or more has coordinated that of the NIEs. In Rodrik’s article, he discusses â€Å"the rising share of exports in GDP is consistent with investment led growth†. He mentions that it is quite clear that the investment boom, which requires increase in imports, is caused by a comparative shortage in producing capital products. Exports increase as share of GDP will pay for imports if international borrowing is restrained. The reason why it became profitable to invest should cause the reason of the fast growth. Rodrik discusses the role of savings in the last point of his argument. He finds that alongside investment was risen by saving in both South Korea and Taiwan. A large number of accounts report that the economic growth has caused the increase in saving in both countries. Interest rates were increased to deposit, and government policy is helpful to raise savings in both countries. The rapid growth in export and GDP ratios is the proof for the export led growth hypothesis. On the other hand, investment and GDP also speedily grew. In the 1980s, investment increased from 10% of GDP in the 1950s to 30% in South Korea and Taiwan. The growth of Taiwan and South Korea was explained by the massive increase in investment demand in the early 1960s. The technical progress in South Korea and Taiwan has essentially become null. It reflects the fact that there is very irrelevant growth residual left over to explain, once the phenomenal rate of factor accumulation is taken into account. Therefore, the rapid growth caused by capital accumulation rather than the increasing in industrial factor productivity (Rodrik, 1995). Rodrik indicates that governments managed the growth in the private return to capital. He lists six parts of the causes, and they are â€Å"removing impediments to investment†, â€Å"establishing a sound investment climate†, â€Å"alleviating a coordination failure, which had blocked economic take-off†, â€Å"investment subsides†, â€Å"administrative guidance† and â€Å"use of public enterprise†. All these six elements help governments to manage the increase. It is not quite sure that export orientation was a significant causal role in South Korea and Taiwan’s economic growth. The increase of exports during the 1960s is too small to calculate for the phenomenal export boom. Furthermore, exports were initially too small to have a main effect on aggregate economic performance. A presumption claimed that the growth of South Korea and Taiwan is brought by the investment boom is more acceptable. Reference: Rodrik, D. 1995. â€Å"Getting Interventions Right: How South Korea and Taiwan Grew Rich†. Economic Policy, Pp 55- 107. Research Papers on Rapid Economic Growth in South Korea and Taiwan - Economics EssayDefinition of Export QuotasPETSTEL analysis of IndiaAnalysis of Ebay Expanding into AsiaInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married MalesComparison: Letter from Birmingham and CritoIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenAssess the importance of Nationalism 1815-1850 EuropeBringing Democracy to AfricaTwilight of the UAW

Friday, February 28, 2020

Advertising and promotion of Galaxy chocolate Essay

Advertising and promotion of Galaxy chocolate - Essay Example mers. Marketing further involves selling, advertising as well as bring products to the people. PROCESS FOR THE FORMULATION OF A BUDGET FOR AN INTEGRATED PROMOTIONAL STRATEGY The first process in formulation of an integrated promotion budget entails objectives setting.Whereby, decision makers should determine the current and future of an organisation and integrate those goals in budget formulation.The second process entails determination of organization resources.This means that financial resources,assets and liabilities of a business should be taken into account when formulating a budget for promotion of galaxy Chocolate.The third process entails projection of company future needs.This can be done by looking on the company’s future data and projecting on the company’s future needs.Under this stage, the company may consider the four marketing mix namely 4p’s,meaning; product,price,promotion and place.The fourth process involves seeking approval of the formulated b udget from the budgeting committee. While the fifth process of formulating a budget for an integrated promotion entails distribution of the approved funds. Finally the last process may entail evaluation and monitoring of whether the approved budget is being utilized appropriate in promotion of galaxy chocolate (Richard, paras.2-8). DEVELOPMENT OF A PROMOTIONAL PLAN FOR GALAXY CHOCOLATE The plan shall include tools and techniques that will be utilized in promotion of galaxy chocolate. In addition, this plan will incorporate a promotion budget as well as adjustments that will be made in order to cope with product cycle adjustments. Some of the tools and techniques that will be utilized include; Advertisement tools such T.V shows, bill boards, news papers and magazines. On the other hand, promotion tools such as free gift will be given as well as use of personal selling. The estimated budget for promotion and advertisement is estimated to be $12000 per month. The adjustment that will b e put at the decline stage of the product will include phase withdrawal as well finding a niche market to exploit the available opportunities (Pride, William and Ferrell, p.78). INTEGRATION OF PROMOTIONAL TECHNIQUES INTO THE PROMOTIONAL STRATEGY FOR GALAXY CHOCOLATE There are various forms of promotion/advertisement techniques that may be utilized in promotion of galaxy chocolate produc

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Intelligence profile Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Intelligence profile - Essay Example A graduate of Carleton University (B.A.) and the University of Western Ontario (M.B.A., Ph.D.), Dr. Calof focuses his research and publications on international competitive intelligence. 3. Professor Calof focuses his research on international competitive intelligence and the application of knowledge for innovation. A director of the Canadian Institute of Competitive Intelligence, Jonathan has given over 500 speeches, seminars and keynote addresses around the world on competitive intelligence and has helped several of Canada's largest companies and government agencies enhance their intelligence capabilities. In recognition of his contribution to the competitive intelligence field, Jonathan was presented with the Society of Competitive Intelligence Professional's (SCIP) Catalyst award. Jonathan Calof has more than 100 publications to his credit. He is the co-author of "Competitive Intelligence - Keys to Success" and has contributed to several books. He has also published articles in j ournals such as Competitive Intelligence Review, Journal of International Business Studies, Business Quarterly, International Journal of Small Business Management, International Business Review. As well, Dr. Calof has been given awards and honours from several academic associations, including the Academy of Business Administration, the International Council for Small Business - South Africa, the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada, and the Academy of International Business. His case, Sterling Marking Product's, was recognized for being one of the top 10 cases sold by the Ivey School of Business in 1998 and his article For King and For Country on competitive intelligence was selected as being among the best articles in Business Quarterly. Interest in his work has also resulted in several interviews on radio and in print in Canada, United States, United Kingdom, South Africa and New Zealand. He has been featured in such publications as the National Post and the Globe and Mai l, as well as being featured on Canada A.M (CTV), As It Happens (CBC) and Global News. Detailed Profile 1. Dr. Calof is recognized as one of the leaders in intelligence and business insight. An associate professor of International Business and Strategy at the Telfer School of Management at University of Ottawa, Dr. Calof combines research and consulting in competitive intelligence, technical foresight and management insight in the creation of the Universities management insight program. As well, he is a Board member for CASIS (Canadian Association of Security and Intelligence Studies), is on the advisory board for the Algonquin College intelligence analyst program, and is also co-director of the Foresight Synergy Network. 2. An article in the Edmontonian called him "one of the world leaders in competitive intelligence". While CA Magazine (Charters Accountants) described him as "a highly sought after, as a consultant, by businesses and government agencies.† 3. Throughout all th ese activities Jonathan is passionate about competitive intelligence and the insights and advantages that all types of organizations can get from it. 4. He has also publis